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Word Count: 543
Gustave Flauberts Madame Bovary tells the story of a womans quest to make her life into a novel Emma Bovary attempts again and again to escape the ordinariness of her life by reading novels daydreaming moving from town to town having affairs and buying luxurious items One of the most penetrating debates in this novel is whether Flaubert takes on a romantic and realistic view Is he a realist naturalist traditionalist a romantic or neither of these in this novel According to B F Bart Flaubert was deeply irritated by those who set up little schools of the Beautiful -- romantic realistic or classical for that matter there was for him only one Beautiful with varying aspects 206 Although Henry James has no doubt that Flaubert combines his techniques and his own style in order to transform his novel into a work that clearly exhibits romanticism and a realistic view despite Barts arguments Through the characters actions especially of Emma Bovarys and of imagery the novel shows how Flaubert is a romantic realist Flaubert gives Emma his central character an essence of helpless romanticism so that it would express the truth throughout the novel It is Emmas early education described for an entire chapter by Flaubert that awakens in her a struggle against what she perceives as confinement Her education at the convent is the most significant development in the novel between confinement and escape Vince Brombert explains that the convent is Emmas earliest claustration and the solitations from the outside world or through the distant sound of a belated carriage rolling down the boulevards are powerful allurements 383 At first far from being bored Emma enjoyed the company of the nuns the atmosphere of the convent is protective and soporific the reading is done on the sly the girls are assembled in the study are all primary images of confinement and immobility Brombert 383 As this chapter progresses images of escape start
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