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Word Count: 583
The Greek tragedy of Oedipus illustrates dramatic irony through Oedipus noble birth which is unknown to him and his fall from the throne due to his fate and excessive pride In regard to his noble birth Oedipus does not know he is born the son of King Liaus the king of Thebes As fate would have it Oedipus eventually inherits the throne as King of Thebes even though he is brought up by another noble leader Polybus King of Corinth Oedipus refers often to his upbringing throughout the play Because of his nobility the Thebans as well as the Corinthians admire him and treat him as their hero On page 33 Oedipus proclaims he will fight for him Liaus now as I would for my own father Oedipus does not realize Liaus is his father because he believes Polybus is his true father while we the readers know Liaus is actually Oedipus real father Another example of dramatic irony in the play is expressed during the discussion between Oedipus Jocasta his wife and mother and a messenger Oedipus fears he may eventually murder his father until the messenger arrives with the news that Polybus has died At this point Oedipus feels relieved because he believes the burden of his fate is over since his father has died On the contrary the reader knows his troubles are just beginning when the messenger explains to Oedipus how Polybus is not his real father Oedipus predestined fate and growing pride which stem from his noble birth unfortunately lead to his demise as a ruler and his banishment from Thebes From the time he was born Oedipus was destined not only to kill his father but also to marry his mother However Oedipus does not know who his actual parents are and thus runs away and toward his fate at the same time As Oedipus explains to Jocasta about his past and the fate given to him
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