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Word Count: 1,668
In book 23 of the Odyssey reoccurring Homeric themes appear characters roles change and a homecoming for an epic hero is finally accomplished Book 23 may be the one book in this poem that can be related the closest to the poem as a whole In this book we see the relationship of a godgoddess and a human being as a reoccurring theme throughout Homers works This godhuman relationship is shown throughout the poem mainly through the actions of Athene who is trying to assure that Odysseus receives the glorious homecoming that he deserves Book 23 concludes Odysseuss twenty-year homecoming journey by uniting him with his beloved wife Penelope The homecoming that is looked forward to by so many throughout the poem is finalized by the romantic reunion of Odysseus and Penelope This reunion shows a cunning side of Penelope that is almost the same as her husband Odysseus shows numerous times throughout the epic This cunningness by Penelope exhibits a different example of the role of women in the time of the Odyssey The relationships between humans and gods are looked at numerous times in both the Iliad and the Odyssey Gods in these poems hurt some humans and help others The relationship with Odysseus and certain gods is what shapes this epic into what it is The reason that Odysseus is so misfortunate on his way home is because he angered Poseidon the god of the sea Also the reason that Odysseus eventually received his homecoming is because of the admiration and love of the goddess Athene The relationship between Athene and Odysseus is shown in book 23 The goddess Athene and Odysseus are two characters that are very similar to one another in their personalities Both Athene and Odysseus use their intelligence to trick others in thinking that they are somebody else Odysseus quick wit seems to be what Athene appreciates most about him Her appreciation is seen in line
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