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Word Count: 585
As the founder of the first university and considered the most powerful thinker in history Plato believed that the soul was made of three parts The Three Parts of the Soul in Platos Republic and Phaedrus are mans Appetite Black Horse on Left Spirited White Horse on Right and Reason Charioteer Each part of the soul has its own virtue as well as its own vice Temperance is the virtue of Appetite Courage the virtue of Spirit and Wisdom is the virtue of Reason It was Platos belief that goodness and justice come from the correct balance of the Three Parts of the Soul We will uncover the perfect balance of the soul According to Plato and how goodness and justice come form this balance Known as our animal side the appetitive part of the soul includes a myriad of desires for different pleasures comforts physical satisfaction and bodily ease Temperance which is the virtue of the appetite is ones ability to exhibit moderation and self-restraint when indulging in lifes pleasures The good and just practice temperance while the evil and unjust practice lust greed and gluttony commonly referred to as the Vice of the appetitive part of the soul There are so many appetites that Plato does not mention all of them but he does say that they can often be in conflict with each other In the republic the workers and artisans were in this category The ugly black horse on the left represents the appetitive element of the soul The spirited part of the soul or hot-blooded part is where we get our source of action This is the part of the soul that will get angry if we feel an injustice is being done It is also the part of us that loves facing and overcoming challenges the part that loves victory challenge and winning Courage which is the virtue of the spirited element of the soul enables the
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