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Facility layout refers to the configuration of departments employee workstations customer service areas material storage areas restrooms offices computer rooms and for the flow patterns of materials and people around into and within buildingsAs process planning and facility layout planning proceed there is a continuous interchange of information between these two planning activities because each affects the otherIn operations strategy the mix of competitive priorities that operation function can provide is low production costs fast and on-time deliveries high-quality products and services and product and volume flexibility The objectives that drive facility layouts must reflect an appropriate mix of these competitive priorities Operations strategy drives facility planning and facility layouts serve as a means of achieving operations strategyThe central focus of most manufacturing layouts is to minimize the cost of processing transporting and storing materials throughout the production systemMaterials Handling System is the entire network of transportation that receives materials stores materials in inventories moves them between processing points within and between buildings and finally deposits the finished products into vehicles that will deliver them to customersThe following describes the different types of layout1 Process Layouts functional layouts or job shops Process layouts are the layouts that can handle varied processing requirements They are designed to accommodate variety in product and processing steps They are also called functional layouts or job shopsIf a manufacturing facility produces a variety of custom products in relatively small batches the facility probably will use a process layoutThey use general-purpose machines that can be changed over rapidly to new operations for different product design These machines are usually arranged according to the type of the process being performedProduct layouts are layouts that use standardized processing operations to achieve smooth rapid high-volume flow They are designed to accommodate only a few product designs Such layouts are designed to allow a direct material flow through the facility for productsThey use specialized machines that are set up once to perform a specific operation
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