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Essay on The FBI --------------------------------------------------------------------------- To uphold the law through the investigation of violations of federal criminal law to protect the US from foreign intelligence and terrorist activities to provide leadership and law enforcement assistance to federal state local and international agencies and to perform these responsibilities in a manner that is responsive to the needs of the public and is faithful to the constitution of the US this is the mission of the Federal Bureau of Investigation The agency now known as the Federal Bureau of Investigation was founded in 1908 when the Attorney General appointed an unnamed force of Special Agents to be the investigative force of the Department of Justice DOJ Before that time the DOJ had to borrow Agents from the US Secret Service to investigate violations of federal criminal laws within its jurisdiction In 1909 the Special Agent Force was renamed the Bureau of Investigation and after a series of name changes it received its present official name in 1935 During the early period of the FBIs history its agents investigated violations of mainly bankruptcy frauds antitrust crime and neutrality violation During World War One the Bureau was given the responsibility of investigating espionage sabotage sedition resistance against lawful authority and draft violations The passage of the National Motor Vehicle Theft Act in 1919 further broadened the Bureaus jurisdiction After the passage of Prohibition in 1920 the gangster era began bringing about a whole new type of crime Criminals engaged in kidnapping and bank robbery which were not federal crimes at that time This changed in 1932 with the passage of a federal kidnapping statute In 1934 many other federal criminal statutes were passed and Congress gave Special Agents the authority to make arrests and to carry firearms The FBIs size and jurisdiction during the second World War increased greatly and included intelligence matters in South America With the end of that war and the arrival of the Atomic Age
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