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Perhaps one of if not the most historically influential political thinkers of thewestern world was John Locke John Locke the man who initiated what is now known asBritish Empiricism is also considered highly influential in establishing groundstheoretically at least for the constitution of the United States of America The basisfor understanding Locke is that he sees all people as having natural God given rights AsGods creations this denotes a certain equality at least in an abstract sense Thisreligious back drop acts as a the foundation for all of Lockes theories includinghis theories of individuality private property and the state The reader will be shownhow and why people have a natural right to property and the impact this has on thesovereign as well as the extent of this impact Locke was a micro based ideologist He believed that humans wereautonomous individuals who although lived in a social setting could not be articulatedas a herd or social animal Locke believed person to stand for a thinking intelligent being that has reason and reflection and can consideritself as itself the same thinking thing in different times and places which it onlydoes by that consciousness which is inseparable from thinking This ability toreflect think and reason intelligibly is one of the many gifts from God and is that giftwhich separates us from the realm of the beast The ability to reason and reflectalthough universal acts as an explanation for individuality All reason and reflection isbased on personal experience and reference Personal experience must be completelyindividual as no one can experience anything quite the same as another This leads to determining why Locke theorized that all humans speakingpatriarchially with respect to the time why all men have a natural right toproperty Every man is a creation of Gods and as such is endowed with certainindividual abilities and characteristics as gifts from God Not being able to knowGods exact wishes for man Locke believed that all men have an obligation
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