scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 4,821
LABOR IN AMERICAThe Industrial Revolution was dawning in the United States At Lowell Massachusettsthe construction of a big cotton mill began in 1821 It was the first of several that wouldbe built there in the next 10 years The machinery to spin and weave cotton into clothwould be driven by water power All that the factory owners needed was a dependablesupply of labor to tend the machinesAs most jobs in cotton factories required neither great strength nor special skills theowners thought women could do the work as well as or better than men In additionthey were more compliant The New England region was home to many young singlefarm girls who might be recruited But would stern New England farmers allow theirdaughters to work in factories The great majority of them would not They believedthat sooner or later factory workers would be exploited and would sink into hopelesspoverty Economic laws would force them to work harder and harder for less and lesspayTHE LOWELL EXPERIMENTHow then were the factory owners able to recruit farm girls as laborers They did itby building decent houses in which the girls could live These houses were supervisedby older women who made sure that the girls lived by strict moral standards The girlswere encouraged to go to church to read to write and to attend lectures They savedpart of their earnings to help their families at home or to use when they got marriedThe young factory workers did not earn high wages the average pay was about 350a week But in those times a half-dozen eggs cost five cents and a whole chicken cost15 cents The hours worked in the factories were long Generally the girls worked 11 to13 hours a day six days a week But most people in the 1830s worked from dawn untildusk and farm girls were used to getting up early and working until bedtime at nine oclockThe factory owners at Lowell believed that machines would bring progress
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA