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Even since the dramatic post-1949 changes in China regarding the role ofwomen China has remained paternalistic in its attitudes and socialreality The land reform which was intended to create a more balancedeconomic force in marriage was the beginning of governmental efforts topacify women with no real social effectCommunist China needed to address the woman question Since women wantedmore equality and equality is doled out from the hands of those in powercapitalism was examined The economic issues of repressed Chinese womenwere focused on the Land Act and the Marriage Act of 1950 The Land reformsucceeded in eliminating the extended familys material basis and henceits potential for posing as a political threat to the regime Small-plotswere redistributed to each family member regardless of age or sex and landreform provisions stipulated that property would be equally divided in thecase of divorce Nonetheless their husbands effectively controlled landallotted to women Patriarchal familial relationships in the ConfucianThe Marriage Law of 1950 legalized marriage denounced patriarchalauthority in the household and granted both sexes equal rights to file fordivorce The second and most prominent element of the strategy wasintegrating women into economic development Womens employment was viewedas a prerequisite for emancipation from bourgeois structures as embodied inthe patriarchal family Furthermore at the core of the CCPs strategy forpolitical consolidation was economic reconstruction and rural developmentThe full participation of women was not only an ideological imperative buta pragmatic one Third the All-China Womens Federation WF wasestablished by the CCP to mobilize women for economic development andsocial reform Women did succeed in gaining materialisticlyHowever culture dictates whether these governmental attempts can besuccessful and China has proven that they were only panaceas for the realissue Materialistic approaches could not shadow the issue of the view inChinese society of the role of women In the struggle for equality Chinadid not go to the women to find what they believed to be the most effectiveanswer to the issue The paternalistic powers gave women what they thoughtthey needed
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