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Word Count: 759
The term sociology is an amalgam of the Latin and Greek word meaning reasoning about the social Sociologists attempt to find the quest for sociological understanding through explanation and reasoning Whilst studying different societal groups four aspects are addressed their purpose to raise arguments and issues These involve historical cultural structural and critical components which indicate styles of analysis and social phenomena Sociologists use historical evidence to explain the current shape of society which enables them to prove certain ideologies as incorrect The view that marriage is going out of fashion is one example which is viewed in an a-historical context The Australian Census in 1986 showed that the percentage of people married had increased from 45 in 1981 to 578 showing that marriage was not suffering Sociologists use historical evidence to theorise in doing so they develop different terminology In the case of increasing marital failure during the early 1980s a negative sanction result occurred Sociologists theorised that the increase in failed marriages was because of societys attitude Marital break-ups were now more socially acceptable Sociologists have classed their historical reasoning into two categories necessary and sufficient conditions A necessary condition in a case where the age to which women give birth to first born babies is increasing refers to contraception which is the requirement for delaying pregnancy Whereas the sufficient condition refers to factors such as career education and housing being the external influencing factors to the problem A cultural understanding allows sociologists to challenge the notion of ethnocentrism in which one culture will somehow feel more superior to those of other cultures Ethnocentrism an aspect of cultural understanding is evident in the scenario of human responses to hot temperatures Australians tend to wear light brief clothing whereas Arabian cultures try to cover up What seems normal within one culture is an accepted practice in another Cultural differences are observed at intersociety levels between different societies Burping a baby is one example
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