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Sociopolitical Philosophy in the Works of Stoker and Yeats Around the turn of this century there was widespread fearthroughout Europe and especially Ireland of the consequences of the racemixing that was occurring and the rise of the lower classes over thearistocracies in control In Ireland the Protestants who were in controlof the country began to fear the rise of the Catholics which threatenedtheir land and political power Two Irish authors of the period Bram Stokerand William Butler Yeats offer their views on this problem intheir works of fiction These include Stokers Dracula and YeatsOn Bailes Strand and The Only Jealousy of Emer and these works showthe authors differences in ideas on how to deal with this threat tocivilization Stoker feels that triumph over this threat can only be achievedby the defeat of these demonic forces through modernity whileYeats believes that only by facing the violent and demonic forces and emergingfrom them could Ireland return to its ancient and traditional roots and findits place in society The vampire was a common metaphor used by many authorsin an attempt to portray the rising lower class and foreign influence asevil and harmful to modern civilization The Irish Protestant author SheridanLe Fanu uses vampires to represent the Catholic uprising in Ireland in hisstory Carmilla Like much of gothic fiction Carmilla is about the mixingof blood and the harm that results from it When vampires strike they aretainting the blood of the pure and innocent causing them to degenerate intoundead savages who will take over and colonize until their race makes upthe condition of the whole world This was the fear the Protestants had ofthe rising Catholic class They were seen as a lowly people and the fearwas that they too would colonize and degenerate Ireland and perhaps therest of Europe back into a primitive land of savages This fear of the breakdownof civilization by dark forces is also what Dracula is about In Dracula Stoker sets up
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