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The Life and Accomplishments of Cordell Hull Cordell Hull was born in Overton County Tenn A Tennessee legislator and judge Democratic national committee chairman US representative 1907-1931 and senator 1931-1933 he became the longest-termed secretary of state ever under President Franklin Roosevelt 1933-1944 A strong advocate of free trade and of the Good Neighbor policy with South America during the 1930s he early advocated strong support for the Allies attended most of the great wartime conferences and promoted international cooperation and the UN for which he received the Nobel Peace Prize In his distinguished career in Congress Hull was a member of the powerful House Ways and Means Committee for eighteen years the leader of the movement for low tariffs the author of the first Federal Income Tax Bill 1913 the Revised Act 1916 and the Federal and State Inheritance Tax Law 1916 as well as the drafter of a resolution providing for the convening of a world trade agreement congress at the end of World War I He became in short a recognized expert in commercial and fiscal policies Cordell Hull strongly shared President Wilsons idealistic international outlook becoming one of the first and most vigorous supporters of the League of Nations With economic ideas rooted in nineteenth-century liberalism he believed that economic nationalism was a major cause of war He opposed Herbert Hoovers high tariff policy Elected to the Senate in 1930 Hull was an important figure at the 1932 Democratic Convention authoring major portions of the Democratic platform including a low-tariff plank In 1933 he relinquished his Senate seat to become President Franklin D Roosevelts Secretary of State an appointment which surprised many but kept with President Roosevelts placing of powerful party allies in his cabinet rather than resorting to bureaucratic technicians As the leader of the critical Southern wing of the Democratic Party with strong support in Congress Hull rose to even more fame Cordell Hulls accomplishments as a
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