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The social Organization of HoneybeesA truly striking aspect in the world of insects is the evolution of the honeybee colony Apis Mellifera the most widely distributed species of honeybee is know to flourish all over the earths suface from the tropics to the sub-artic areas There are however three other species of honeybee which are all found in South-eastern Asia These species include Apis Florea and Apis Dorsata both of which build their single cones under the branch of a tree or on the overhangs of rocks The third Apis Cerana is very much like Apis Mellifera in that it will nest in hollow trees or rock cravaces building a nest using several parelle combs Other similarities between Apis Cerana and Apis Mellifera are found in their anatomy and social organization However because of their wide dispersal Apis Mellifera will be the species diccused in the following accountsA fertile female called the queen is contained within the colony at all times of the year Along with the queen is a developing brood and masses of infertile females called workers In the spring and summer male or drone bees are presentThere is a clear -cut division of labour between a colonys queen and its workers The queen is much larger than the workers due to its mandibular glands and her abdomen which contains which containes 300 or more ovavioles A higher longevity and metabollic rate allows the queento lay over 1000 eggs oer day Worker bees have a larger brain which explains their more complex behaviour patterns They also pocess a corbiculae pollen-gathering appartus and plumose hairs on their hind legs Worker bees also have wax and hypopharyngeal glandsAside from egg laying all other duties in a comb are preformed by the workers In general the morphologically identical workers live for 4-6 weeks Of this time the first 2-3 weeks are spent doing nest work And the remanider on foraging As a worker bee grows older
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