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Kristin Laske Science-2 21400 Kilauea Hawaii consists of a string of islands or an archapelago Kilauea is located on one of these islands the central Hawaii island Kilauea is one of the worlds most active volcanic craters Craters are formed either by the massive collapse of material during volcanic activity by unusually violent explosions or later by erosion during dormancy Comptons It is situated on the southeastern slope of the great volcanic mountain Mauna Loa Its elevation is 1111 m 3646 ft above sea level The crater has an area of about 10 sq km which forms a great cavity in the side of the mountain Volcanic activity recently has been restricted to an inner crater called Halemaumau Halemaumau measures more than 900 m about 3000 ft across and has a depth of about 400 m about 1300 ft Kilauea has erupted at least once a year since 1952 The volcano spews an average of 525000 cubic yards of lava a day and by 1995 had added about 500 acres of new land to the island Encarta 98 By June 1989 it had destroyed the visitors center at the national park a stretch of Kalapana Highway and more than 65 houses by 1990 Kilauea is located on a hot spot under the island and the magma is thought to come from a depth of at least 50 km below the surface A hot spot is an area of volcanic activity near the center of two lithospeheric plates Normally lava streams constantly into the floor of the crater from subterranean sources which either cools and hardens or accumulates until it drains off into other subterranean passages When greater volcanic activity occurs the lava is subjected to sudden changes of level where it may escape from vents on the lower slope toward the sea Kilauea is classified as a shield volcano Shield volcanoes have a low broad profile created by highly fluid basalt flows that spread
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