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Kosovos Geography and Conflict Kosovo region is located in the middle of hostile and friendly countries Kosovo borders Serbia in the north and northeast Montenegro in the northwest Albania in the west and Macedonian in the south It covers a total of 10887 squared kilometers and its population is around two million 90 percent of which are ethnic Albanian The hostility in Kosovo is mainly due to the surroundings of their regions and the many ethnic backgrounds In past decades Yugoslavia was the main region in which geography played a major role for the conflict in Kosovo Yugoslavia lies on the Balkan Peninsula in southeastern Europe 63 percent of Yugoslavia are Serbs and 14 percent are Albanians This dramatic difference between different ethnic identities and tight regions causes major complications and conflict in Kosovo Furthermore the past histories of these regions are another indicator on how geography plays a vital role in the Kosovo conflict In 1945 Socialist Yugoslavia was declared The communists were able to deal with national aspirations by creating a federation of six nominally equal republics- Croatia Montenegro Serbia Slovenia Bosnia-Herzegovina and Macedonian In Serbia the two provinces of Kosovo and Vojvodina were given autonomous status By 1992 the Yugoslavian Federation was falling apart Nationalism had once again replaced communism as the dominant force in the Balkans Slovenia and then Croatia were the first to break away but only at the cost of renewed conflict with Serbia The war in Croatia led to hundreds of thousands of refugees in the 1940s By 1992 a further conflict had broken out in Bosnia which had also declared independence Since the revocation of Kosovos self-rule the Serbian authorities closed schools in the Albanian language massively dismissed Albanians from state-owned enterprises and suspended Kosovos legal parliament and government The oppression of the Albanian population in Kosovo by the Serbian Government and flagrant violations of basic rights of Albanians occurred frequently Initially the
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