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Word Count: 1,123
Italy in the period that Benito Mussolini ruled was considered to be a totalitarian country Mussolini established a totalitarian state by the use of fascist ideology upon which was a one party system and all the paraphernalia of the personality cults According to Mussolinis oratory all aspects of life had to be systematically directed by the military Mussolini had used propangada and fascism to reach his goal- Italy to become a totalitarian country His objective was to control all economic political and social activities of the Italian people thus controlling all aspects of society Totalitarianism is the form of government that theoretically permits no individual freedom and that seeks to subordinate all aspects of individual life to the authority of the government By the control of the communications the ruling party and the government are in prossesion of all channels through which people receive information and direction All newspapers magazines books television broadcasting theater production and cinema is certainly controlled and directed However in order for us to understand how Italy became a totalitarian country we have first to examine why Benito Mussolini came to power Italy had suffered badly during the war - 460000 soldiers were killed and the country was heavily in debt The Italian army had been heavily defeated and had only won its first major victory at Vittorio Veneto in October 1918 Italy had been promised extra land by Britain and France during the war but when the war ended it was not handed over This made it look as if the Italian Government had been ignored The governments after the war were weak They were coalitions made up of more than one party and were not able to take decisions There was rising unemployment and this led to unrest in many cities and many people began to support the Communists He evidently hoped the war might lead to a collapse of society that
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