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Word Count: 434
As president Abraham Lincoln had to save the nation from total division He needed to save the union and at the same time satisfy the states needs and demands With either side refusing to budge the almost desperate Lincoln had no other choice than to issue the Emancipation Proclamation Although it did not take into effect immediately it did encourage the freedom of the slaves and encouraged the enlistment of blacks into the Northern army It was the 13th Amendment however that did free the slaves As early as 1849 Abraham Lincoln believed that slaves should be emancipated advocating a program in which they would be freed gradually Early in his presidency still convinced that gradual emancipation was the best course he tried to win over legislators To gain support he proposed that slave owners be compensated for giving up their property slavesThis was not a favored idea In the early part of the Civil War President Lincoln refrained from issuing an edict freeing the slaves despite the insistent urgings of abolitionists Believing that the war was being fought solely to preserve the Union He sought to avoid upsetting the slaveholding border states that had remained in the Union If I could save the Union without freeing any slave I would do it and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves I would do it and if I could do it by freeing some and leaving others alone I would also do that Lincoln wrote these words as his desire to preserve the Union Finally after the Union victory in the Battle of Antietam Lincoln issued the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation The preliminary Proclamation announced that slaves in rebel states not under Union control would become free on January 1 1863 Lincoln thus gave the Southern states one last chance to end the war before losing
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