scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 2,294
The nineteenth century in England was a transitional time from feudalism to capitalism that was characterized by a rapid increase in industry and extreme poverty among the masses In response to these conditions a new concept of society called socialism came into being However despite the clash between those who believed in capitalism and those who advocated socialism the real dispute was between those who believed in the power of individual ideas and those who emphasized the role of impersonal historical forces A number of nineteenth century thinkers were concerned with the existing conditions and developed different ideas of bringing about change For example Webers The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism addresses the role of religion in developing a capitalist mode of thinking In Hard Times Dickens highlights the plight of Englands poor and the role of industrialism in perpetuating poverty Lastly in The Communist Manifesto Marx and Engels develop an alternative framework to capitalism that is founded on the abolishment of private property and the creation of a commonwealth society Traditionally capitalism has been associated with self-regulated individualism and socialism with dialectical evolution As Dwyer 257 points out capitalism arose out of Adam Smiths laissez-faire principle which advocated that people be left alone to pursue their own interests On the other hand thinkers such as Marx and Engels viewed both capitalism and the socialism and communism that would follow it as merely a historical process that was independent of individual actions However the nineteenth century condition cannot be narrowed to a dispute between capitalism and socialism For instance thinkers like Dickens and Weber were between either extreme They liked certain capitalist ideologies but not their outcome In their writing they embodied a new form of liberalism that Dwyer calls capitalism with a human face 262 In Hard Times Dickens criticizes the conditions of the industrial revolution but not the concept of capitalism itself Throughout the novel Dickens stresses
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA