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Vita Activa Action and Arendt What follows is the basic structure of Hannah Arendts account of vita activa as I understand it Arendt classifies the modes of human activities as action work labor and additionally speech which is to be accompanied by action Each corresponds to the human conditions of natality worldliness life itself and plurality respectively In addition are the faculties of freedom self-disclosure of identity of the actor fabrication and reproduction Arendts method is designed to calibrate the transformation of constellation referencing the ancient constellation an archetype Arendt reconstructs from fragments of human possibilities found in the political life of the ancient Greek polis In the constellation freedom belongs to action self-disclosure of identity of the actor to the coupling of action and speech fabrication to work and reproduction to labor It is also important to note here that for Arendt human beings are simultaneously natural like other creatures and unnatural Her categories of human activities directly correspond to this order Labor serves to the natural or biological necessity on the one hand Work action and speech to unnatural requirements especially freedom on the other hand Arendts concept of worldliness as a property of the human world is one of the human conditions for unnatural dimension as well as for plurality and natality It is a defensive boundary between nature and human world whose basic properties are artificiality and stability relative to permanence and durability In addition Arendt provides two properties that of publicity and in-betweeness Publicity means that the existence of the human world as such is common to all people whereas in-betweeness means that nevertheless the perspectives of each person in the world are irreducibly different For Arendt action is a simultaneously blessed and troublesome mode of activity Blessed because as mentioned above it is a faculty of freedom to begin a new process and to bring about something unexpected against all odds In the ancient context by virtue
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