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The Causes for Frances Involvement in the American Revolution Many historians argue that America may not have gained her independence from Great Britain without the monetary and military aid she received from France Higginbotham 431 Frances aid was very substantial but her motives were questionable A close analysis of Kenneth Waltzs three images and especially the second image of the internal structure of the state reveal that Frances foreign policy to seek revenge on Great Britain from Frances loss in the French and Indian War and the Seven Years War are the primary reasons why France decided to assist the rebelling colonies In early 1776 the French foreign minister Charles Gravier count de Vergennes gave King Louis XVI a report he had written called Considerations It warned the king that if Great Britain and the American colonies ended their war with a peace treaty they might then attack the French owned colonies in the West Indies He proposed that France provide secret arms aid to the rebels in order to prolong the Revolution giving France and Spain enough time to strengthen the defenses of their colonies In response to the paper the king approved an apportionment of one million livres tournois to buy arms for the American rebels in early May 1776 The money was sent through Caron de Beaumarchais as part of the fictitious mercantile firm Roderique Hortalez and Company Dull 57-61 On December 21 1776 a commission that included Benjamin Franklin arrived in France asking for a treaty of amity and commerce military supplies and the loan of French ships Lacking anything substantive to offer in return for Frances risking war by signing a commercial treaty with America they issued thinly veiled threats that the American cause risked collapse if France remained aloof Dull 79 Their requests were refused but France sent two million livres tournois and Vergennes put the commissioners in contact with the Farmers General The Farmers General who
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