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Word Count: 491
Erected during age of Transcendentalism during the mid 19th century until its plunge after the Civil War Realism and Naturalism were ideas that are brought up in philosophical thinking Both Realism and Naturalism are logical concepts upon how to describe the affects upon ones self and are popularly expressed through art and literature Though they seem similar they in many ways greatly differ from one another An example of these differences would be that their notions greatly contradict Realism is defined as the belief that it is the persons choices and actions that affect the outcome of that person not the environment This opposes the Naturalistic way of thinking which is that it is the persons surroundings and environment in which affects the persons outcome Such examples of Realism in Literature would be that of Mark Twains The Man that Corrupted Hadleyburg In this story a stranger once a poor gambler drops off forty-thousand dollars worth of gold which he won from gambling to a ladys house And for the lady to find the citizen of Hadleyburg who long before had given him twenty dollars to start his life over again to give him the sack of gold to compensate for the citizens generosity The lady Mrs Richards deciding along with her husband to go public with the story ends up corrupting the once peaceful and honest town This great example of Realism fulfills the definition that it is the persons motive and action not their environment that affects their fate in contrast to Naturalism which contradicts it Literature in that era were mostly Naturalistic stories such great stories as Edith Whartons Ethan Frome and The Octopus But in opinion the greatest expression of Naturalism is that of Jack Londons tales specifically Londons story To Build a Fire In this story describes his horrific experience in the arctic cold trying to catch up with the pack enduring painful frostbites and numbness due to the environment
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