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The Ku Klux Klan is perhaps the most famous of all hate groups in America Originally founded at the end of the Civil War the Ku Klux Klan was a white supremacist group that used violence and intimidation in order to reassert white domination in the United States The Klans attacks were directed at Blacks Jews Catholics immigrants and other minority groups It has long been notorious for its unmistakable symbols of the KKK the white robes and hoods horses coverd in white clothes and the burning of large crosses at the klans gatherings In 1865 following the War between the States former Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest founded the original Ku Klux Klan along with five other confederate soldiers just out of uniform in Pulaski Tennessee He named the group Kuklos Klan a mixture of Greek and Scottish meaning family circle The soldiers had full of ideas for their new society now that the civil war had ended The organization was originally social in nature however it soon turned sinister The different branches of the KKK all held a common goal to maintain the supremacy of the white race over Black Americans White supremacy was an ideology which held that the white race was superior to all other races It was for this reason that only WASPs White Anglo-Saxon Protestants could belong to the Ku Klax Klan While membership in the Klan has risen and fallen during its 130 year history the scope of its hatred has expanded The American Supremacist movement had four fundamental principals The hatred of Blacks and other minorities The hatred of people with disabilitieshereditary conditions The hatred of Jews The hatred of homosexuals Branches of the group sprang up across the South and many white Southerners frustrated over Federal Reconstruction policies used the cover of the Klan to lash out against the occupying federal soldiers or against blacks who were benefiting from Reconstructions open racial policies They
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