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Word Count: 545
When literary critics characterized the Harlem Renaissance as an isolated uprising of African-American writers and musicians they are boldly robbing the Harlem Renaissance of its significance The Harlem Renaissance also known as the New Negro Movement was and arguably still is the greatest explosion of black art literature music and theatre since the transportation of Africans to America This artistic revolution explicitly confirmed that African-Americans possessed the ability to create stylized works with a cultural favor It was no wonder why African-American literature and arts attracted significant attention from the nation at large The Harlem Renaissance marked the first time that mainstream publishers and critics took African-American literature seriously Although the movement was primarily typified as a literary movement it was closely related to developments in African-American music theater art and politics As with any movement the Harlem Renaissance acquires a distinguishable origin attributes and consummation The year 1904 marked the beginning of the Harlem Renaissance Several middle-class African-American families moved from the decaying conditions of previous neighborhoods into the newly built suburb of Harlem This initiated a northward movement of educated African-Americans and created a foothold into Harlem In 1910 various African-American realtors and a church group purchased a large block along 135th and 5th Avenue The relocation of African-Americans caused Caucasian inhabitants to flee from Harlem Luckily the massive upheaval of Caucasians benefited African-Americans by lowering the real estate prices As more and more educated and socially conscious blacks settled in New Yorks neighborhood of Harlem it developed into the political and cultural center of black America With publishing of Alain Leroy Lockes The New Negro and Carl Van Vechtens Nigger Heaven thousands of upper class New Yorkers black and white were drawn to Harlems jazz halls This perpetuated a national market for African American literature and music While the arts and educational and employment opportunities flourished the political ideology of racial equality became prevalent African-Americans were now concerned with their political status
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