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The Spanish Civil War Written and Compiled by Brad Dougherty From 1936 to 1939 a military rising starting in Morocco lead by General Francisco Franco spread rapidly all over the country thus starting the Spanish Civil War After a number of bloody battles in which fortunes changed from one side to the other the nacionales nationalists finally prevailed and made a victorious entry into Madrid March 28th 1939 The tragic death of Calvo Sotelo had the effect of accelerating a military corps that had been under preparation for a long time Actually the conspirators had been awaiting General Francos decision to begin the uprising On July 18th it spread to other garrisons in metropolitan Spain and the next day Franco took command of the army in Morocco The rising was successful in Seville the Balearic Islands the Canary Islands and Morocco Navarra Burgos and Saragossa General Yague advanced through Extremadura and Mola took Irun By the end of 1936 the Nationalist troops controlled the greater part of Andalucia Extremadura Toledo Avila Segovia Valladolid Burgos Leon Galicia a part of Asturias Vitoria San Sebastian Navarra and Aragon as well as the Canary and Balearic Islands with the exception of Menorca Castilla la Nueva Catalunya Valencia Murcia Almeria Gijon and Bilbao remained in Republican hands The Republican government formed a coalition Cabinet headed by Giralt which was succeeded by another one under Largo Caballero It brought the CNT Confederacion Nacional de Trabajo the anarcho-syndicalist union into the Cabinet and moved to Valencia On September 29 the Junta de Defensa Nacional named Franco head of the government and commander of the armed forces To offset these circumstances the Republican government created a popular army and militarized the militia The International Brigades were supporting Republican Spain and Italian and German troops Nationalist Spain Jarama Brunete Quinto Belchite Fuentes de Ebro Teruel The Retreats and The
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