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Philosophical Approach 3 My philosophical approach to counseling My basic understanding of the human behavior is not grounded in one psychological approach instead there are two therapeutic approaches that govern my rationale These two approaches Existential and Person-centered Client-centered to many heavily influence my philosophical orientation to counseling In writing this paper I will explore some of the basic philosophical premises that lay the essential groundwork for these two approaches The following information will also show the reader that using the two therapeutic approaches together will effectively diagnose and treat teenagers Definition of Existential Therapy One survey taken by Corey suggests a definition of Existential Therapy include two key elements Existential Therapy is essentially an approach to counseling and therapy rather than a firm theoretical model it stresses core human conditions Normally personality development is based on the uniqueness of Philosophical Approach 4 each individual Sense of self develops from infancy Self determination and a tendency toward growth are control ideas Focus is on the present and on what one is becoming that is the approach has a future orientation It stresses self-awareness before action 1996 p465 In layman terms Existential therapy can be described as a philosophical approach that is not designed to cure people but instead help the client reflect and search for value and meaning in life Existential Therapy does not supply a cookbook of methods like other approaches but instead it provides a
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