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HARRIET TUBMAN AND THE UNDERGOUND RAILROADHarriet Tubman was a black American who helped many slaves escape to freedom She lived from 1820 to 1813 Tubman became the most famous leader of the Underground Railroad The Underground Railroad was a bunch of routes that slaves used to escape to the free states Some of these states were Ohio Indiana and Philadelphia Some routes led into Canada The way the Underground Railroad receved its name was not from being underground or from being a railroad but from the quick secret way slaves were taken from one place to another The people that worked the railroad used railroad terms as code words Places slaves would stay at during the day were called stations and the people that helped were called conductors The railroad was not a formal organization The people who helped pay for the food and clothing were the slaves and whites that didnt believe in slavery The Underground Railroad showed how determined the blacks were to be free and how many whites wanted to end slavery The operation of the railroad was one of many major conflicts that led our country into the Civil War Harriet was born a slave in Bucktown Maryland near Cambridge Her real name was Araminta Ross but when she was young people began to call her by her mothers name Her father taught her valuable knowledge about the woods which was used to free the slaves When she was thirteen she saw a slave being beaten and tried to stop the owner The owner hit her over the head with a 2-pound weight For the rest of her life she suffered black outs Harriet married a freed slave in 1844 In 1849 Harriet escaped from slavery Without her husband she went to Philadelphia through the Underground Railroad In 1850 congress passed the fugitive slave act a law that made it a crime to help runaway slaves During that time Tubman
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