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Ozonification in Water Treatment Report Ozone is natures agent for cleaning and treating both air and water That clean fresh smell in the air following a thunderstorm the bright sky and brilliant colors of nature are due to ozone - created by lightning and the Suns energy Ozone is a gas that is created naturally in our atmosphere when oxygen in the air is exposed to high intensity ultraviolet rays Both the sun and lightning create the ozone Ozone is also one of natures best bleaching agents restoring discolored water to its naturally clear state As an oxidizer and microflocculant it also helps reduce unwanted organic material form water such as iron manganese hydrogen sulfide tannin and algae Ozone has been the preferred treatment in Europe since 1904 for drinking water Today there are over 2500 cities world wide relying on ozone for their water treatment Ozone dissolves in water ten times faster than pure oxygen and has a half-life of approximately twenty minutes when dissolved in water before it reverts back to oxygen As ozone oxidizes and treats it loses its highly unstable third oxygen atom Ozone does six things during water treatment First ozone reduces iron manganese hydrogen sulfide and various other minerals from water by oxidation and microfloculation Second ozone reduces algae fungus yeast and mold from the water Third ozone oxidizes oils and precipitates some but not all heavy metals Fourth ozone increases the dissolved oxygen content of the water Fifth ozone reduces color and odors in water Sixth ozone reduces stains on clothing bathtubs toilets showers and sinks
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