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Freudian Theory Sigmund Freud was a Viennese physician whose psychoanalytic theory is the best-known psychodynamic approach today He believed that behavior revealed unconscious internal forces His work shows there are probably three parts that make up individual personality All three parts are used for most behavioral decisions This paper will go over the id the ego the superego as well as interactions of the id ego and superego The Id The id is thought to be made up of natural biological instincts and urges The ids instincts and urges lie in the unconscious They are all self-serving impulsive and irrational The id runs according to the pleasure principle Dennis Coon pg 465 That means the id will try to act on any pleasurable experience it conceives of The libido or energy of the id flows from life instincts or Eros Freud thought the libido emphasized the effort to live as well as have sex He also believed we have a death instinct or as he called it Thanatos This is where he suspected aggressive and destructive urges came from The Ego Ones ego powers direct behavior by adjusting the ids desires to real settings and occasions The ego functions on the reality principle using it consciously to operate personality The strategy of thinking planning problem-solving and deciding all happens in the ego Dennis Coon pg 465 The ego makes decisions based on both the id and the superego The Superego The superego serves as a judge or censor for thoughts and actions carried out by the ego The superego is what people today think of as a conscience When the consciences demands are not met that person will have to bear guilt as penance However if that person were to meet a goal set by the conscience they would feel pride Dennis Coon pg465 Dr Sigmund suspected the superego could make a difference in the life
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