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The Brazilian Independence Movement During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries many Latin American countries went through a time of enlightenment which lead them to independence One of these movements was the Brazilian independence movement The Brazilian independence movement was one of the most peacefully-accomplished revolutions in Latin America In this essay the underlying and the direct causes to Brazils movement the outcome of the movement the successes and failures of the movement and a recapitulation of the history of Brazil will be discussed Brazil was discovered by Pedro Alvarez Cabral in the name of Portugal on April 22 1500 During the 1530s colonists from Portugal began to settle in Brazil and started establishing large sugar cane plantations Brazilian sugar sold in Europe brought wealth to PortugalGalloway Large settlements like Recife Salvador and Sao Vicente were created and the Portuguese prospered In time two classes had developed The first class was the reinois those born in Portugal and the second the mazombos the native-born Brazilians although still pure Portuguese peoples The mazombos disliked those reinois who arrived in the New World to exploit it and then return with Brazilian riches to PortugalBurnes16 After diamonds and gold were found in Minas Gerais Brazil became a huge profit to Portugal Over three million colonists and slaves lived in Brazil The slaves made up more than half the populationGalloway Aside from the conflicts between the mazombo and reinois classes Brazil was a very prosperous colony After France invaded Portugal and the Portuguese fled to Brazil the colony became even more important reaching to the status of a kingdom Galloway Afterwards Brazils prosperous times went downhill Soon enough the Portuguese royal family could return to Portugal and they left Dom Pedro I to rule The Portuguese parliament was resentful of the exalted position Brazil had come to occupy in the empire and moved to reduce the country to its former colonial statusBurnes29 and insisted on making Pedro rule from
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