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Internet History Report The Internet was created in 1969 by scientists working for ARPA ARPA stands for advanced research projects agency and was formed to create a network of computers that could save information in the event of a nuclear attack UCLA Stanford Research Institute SRI UC Santa Barbara UCSB and the University of Utah in Salt Lake City were the first ARPANET locations The ARPANET is what is now called the Internet The plan was unprecedented A professor at UCLA and his small group of graduate students hoped to log onto the Stanford computer and try to send it some data They would start by typing login and asking by telephone if the letters appeared on the far-off monitor On their first attempt the L and O were transmitted successfully but after they typed the letter G the system crashed From 1969 to 1983 a lot of different packet switching schemes were tried and TCPIP is what grew OUT of ARPANET not what started ARPANET During most of the seventies the protocol was generally referred to as just the Network Control Protocol or NCP The term Internet was probably first applied to a 1973 research program that culminated in a demonstration system in 1977 It demonstrated networking through various mediums including satellite radio telephone ethernet etc using packet switching And this formed the roots of the Transmission Control Protocol and Internet Protocol TCPIP But it was not until 1983 that all nodes on ARPANET were required to use TCPIP to connect to it Also in 1983 the Department of Defense moved the unclassified portions of the Data Defense Network to create MILLET Then in January 1983 the ARPA Internet first appears and operation was passed to the Defense Communications Agency The first operating non-experimental real live Internet with a capital network was a military network with a couple of hundred computers connected to it Universities and the general public were not welcome
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