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Birkenau I did reasearch on Birkenau a concentration camp used in the Holocaust also know as Auschwitz I chose this particular topic because I thought it would be interesting to learn about the concentration camps used in the Holocaust The two sources i used for my presentation is an internet site and the encarta encloypedia The Nazis established Auschwitz in April 1940 under the direction of Heinrich Himmler chief of two Nazi organizations the Nazi guards known as the Schutzstaffel and the secret police known as the Gestapo The camp at Auschwitz originally housed political prisoners from occupied Poland and from concentration camps within Germany Construction of nearby Birkenau Brzenzinka also known as Auschwitz II began in October 1941 and included a womens section after August 1942 Birkenau had four gas chambers designed to resemble showers and four crematoria used to incinerate bodies Approximately 40 more satellite camps were established around Auschwitz These were forced labor camps and were known collectively as Auschwitz III The first one was built at Monowitz and held Poles who had been forcibly evacuated from their hometowns by the Nazis Prisoners were transported from all over Nazi-occupied Europe by rail arriving at Auschwitz in daily convoys Arrivals at the complex were separated into three groups One group went to the gas chambers within a few hours these people were sent to the Birkenau camp where more than 20000 people could be gassed and cremated each day At Birkenau the Nazis used a cyanide gas called Zyklon-B which was manufactured by a pest-control company A second group of prisoners were used as slave labor at industrial factories for such companies as I G Farben and Krupp At the Auschwitz complex 405000 prisoners were recorded as laborers between 1940 and 1945 Of these about 340000 perished through executions beatings starvation and sickness Some prisoners
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