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Guillain-Barre Syndrome also called acute idiopathic polyneuritis and Landrys ascending paralysis is a disorder in which the bodys immune system attacks part of the peripheral nerves those outside the brain and spinal cord Symptoms of this disorder include weakness or tingling in the legs sometimes the weakness or tingling spread to the arms and upper body These symptoms then increase in intensity until the muscles cannot be used at all and the patient is almost totally paralyzed most patients reach this stage at about two or three weeks after the start About thirty percent of the patients are often put on a respirator to help with breathing Guillain-Barre Syndrome can affect anybody It can strike at any age and any gender both are equally prone to it This syndrome is uncommon but not rare only about one out of a thousand people get it There are about 12 cases per million people per year Severe Guillian-Barre syndrome is life-threading and is fatal in three percent or four percent of cases Nobody knows why Guillian-Barre Syndrome strikes some people and not others They dont even know what triggers the disease or what sets it in motion Scientist do know that the bodys immune system begins to attack the body causing autoimmune disease Unlike other autoimmune diseases no specific genetic makeup has been discovered which predisposes someone to develop Guillian-Barre syndrome Usually the cells of the immune system attack only foreign material and invading organisms but with Guillain-Barre Syndrome the immune system starts to destroy the myelin sheath that surrounds the axons axons are long thin extensions of the nerve cells they carry nerve signals of many peripheral nerves Also about two-thirds of these cases the person recalls a viral infection one to six weeks before having Guillian-Barre In diseases like Guillain-Barre where peripheral nerves or myelin sheaths are injured or degraded the nerves cannot transmit signals efficiently That is why the muscles begin to
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