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The French Revolution began in 1789 with the meeting of the Estates General when the delegates swore not to disband until France had a constitution In Paris the Bastille which was a symbol of royal power was stormed From 1789-1790 the National Assembly voted for a constitution and adopted the Declaration of the Rights of Man Also during that time the royal family of King Louis XVI was removed from Versailles to Paris The king tried unsuccessfully to flee Paris for Varennes in June of 1791 A legislative assembly sat from October 1791 until September 1792 when in the face of advancing armies of Austria Holland Prussia and Sardina it was replaced by the National Convention which proclaimed the Republic The King was brought to trial in December of 1792 and was later executed as was Marie Antoinette The committee of Public Safety began its Reign of Terror as a political control measure Interfactional rivalry led to mass killings In 1795 Danton and Robespierre were executed and the Third French Constitution set up a directory government In 1799 Napolean Bonaparte seized power and ended the French Revolution The first matter to be examined is the immediate causes of the Revolution According to Simon Schama by 1789 many French people had become critical of the monarchy They resented the rising and unequal taxes the persecution of religious minorities and government influence on their private lives These resentments coupled with an inefficient government and an antiquated legal system made the government seem increasingly illegitimate to the French people The royal court at Versailles which had been built to impress the French people and Europe came to symbolize the waste and corruption of the entire regime Due to financial problems and the conflict of the classes the year 1788 proved to be a trying year for France All classes were discontent with the ancient regime and wanted change Louis XVI did not take advantage of the
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