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Oedipus the King - Research Paper In the fourth century BC Aristotle formulated his own definition and concept of a tragedy outlining the rules by which he thought a tragedy should follow Corresponding with Aristotles view of tragedy Oedipus the King meets the strict and detailed standard of Aristotles idea The handling of the elements of plot is masterly and even a modern audience has little difficulty in seeing this In Oedipus the King Sophocles presents us with a world in which fate is inevitable pride can be dangerous or effective good intentions are irrelevant and sight and blindness may serve a similar purpose Aristotle points out that a tragedy must contain a protagonist that falls from power and from happiness and that the protagonist must always be fallible in some way Lewin writes Ultimately while we can regard Oedipus as both admirable for his leadership skills and noble intentions and imperfect for his overconfidence and harsh treatment of others he is a figure whose fate inspires pity and terror because of his ability to endure misfortune Lewin 1 Sophocles brilliance in utilizing cosmic irony or irony of fate causes Oedipus the hero of the story to fall from his throne and ultimately end up in exile In the first scene of the play Teiresias a blind prophet speaks with Oedipus who is searching for a cure to the plague killing his people Teiresias is stubborn at first stating You are all ignorant Sophocles 1393 Later after exchanging some unpleasant dialogue Teiresias finally tells Oedipus You weave your own doom Sophocles 1394 Here it is clear that Sophocles uses foreshadowing through Teiresias dialogue In the conclusion Oedipus realizes his guilt of patricide damned in the blood he shed with his own hand Sophocles 1414 Immediately the chorus follows the revelation with their song The song of the Chorus is not only a noble poem it serves to point the theme The Chorus does not blame
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