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Porgy and Bess symbolizes the end of the black musical tradition that flourished in the early part of this century The play showed the height of white appropriation of what had previously been a black cultural form All the creative talent backstage was white This development had been occurring slowly throughout the 1920s but black artists had often worked in a variety of creative capacities Porgy and Bess became a black musical in its most minimal sense only as a definition of the color of the cast members Neither the plot nor the music was of black origin Musical comedies seemed to be out of fashion in the 20s due to the dismal revivals of Shuffle Along and Blackbirds Black dramas with music and particularly spirituals remained in fashion The Green Pastures is the best known example of this trend As dramas about black life took on greater importance in the 1930s they often borrowed from the musical comedy traditions of the 1920s Serious drama about black life in the rural south or in northern cities managed to blend music into its structure In the 20s many of the dramas that had to do with black life music became a necessity In the 30s this trend prevailed musical elements of Afro-American culture were showcased primarily in dramas rather than in musicals In Hall Johnsons Run Little Chillun a folk drama about the conflict between the Christian and African religious heritage in black life critics praised the marvelous choral music While Johnson called his work a drama Time suggested that he had written an opera something rarely achieved or even considered by black artists working on Broadway Although the thought of an opera with a black cast and created by black talent was a rarity it was not unprecedented Bob Cole had spoken about an opera based on Uncle Toms Cabi but the work remained uncompleted at his death Scott Joplin had written an opera A
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