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1What beliefs did the Sophists challengeThey didnt believe that gods and goddesses influenced behavior or absolute moral and legal standards But that man is the measure of all things and truth is different to each individual2What was Socrates accused of doing What did he say in defenseHe was accused of corrupting the young and not worshipping the gods worshipped by the state He said A man who is good for anything ought not to calculate the chance of living of dying he ought only to consider whetherhe is doing right or wrong3What did Plato say about democracy WhyHe preferred the government of Sparta He believed that each person should pay service to the community above personal goals And that when people have too much freedom it causes social disorder And also people should do what theyre best suited to do4What were Aristotles views on political scienceHe did not theorize about idealized principals of science but instead he analyzed their political structures He analyzed everything about them finding out the ups and downs and only then did he make a conclusionA universal moral law that like physics can be understood by applying reason6What were Hobbes views on government He believed that people should sign a contract that gives up their freedoms and live obediently under a ruler They would be protected under a Monarch who would protect them by keeping their world peaceful and safe7What were Lockes views on governmentHe believed that government was based on a contract and that it is necessary to establish order He also believed that people in a state of nature are reasonable and moral and that they have the natural rights to life liberty and property He also believed that people should have the right to break the contract if they feel that the government is treating them unfairly or that their rights are being violated 8What were Montesqueius views
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