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Word Count: 246
The Death of the Author 1968 In this work Barthes frees the literary text from any claims of unity that might have been possible by a reference to what the author intended The text is therefore not produced by the author but rather by the reader It is language that actually speaks not the author To write is to allow language to perform not me This allows the endless free play of meaning From Work to Text 1971 In this work Barthes suggests a difference between the traditional notion of work and his own notion of text Work can be seen in libraries text is experienced in the activity of production Text places itself behind general opinion refusing to be limited by societal norms Text as signifier is not the first stage of meaning It practices the infinite deferment of the signified It is structured like language but off-centered Text is plural As no sign is pure the text exists through its difference Work is fathered by an author text is not haunted by this process of filiation Authors biography for example is merely another text to be read It is the language which speaks in the text not the author Text becomes writable when the reader is asked to collaborate in making it As such text offers pleasurejouissance as a space for social utopia that transcends social relations author reader critic and language relations no language has a hold over any other
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