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Effects of American Presence in Viet Nam After the WarThe American presence in Vietnam during the war had a profound impact on boththe political and social systems in both countries Some of those changes are still beingfelt today and will persist into the future In the fall of 1963 Diem the president of Vietnam was overthrown and killed ina coup launched by his own generals In the political confusion that followed the securitysituation in South Vietnam continued to deteriorate putting the Communists within reachof victory In early 1965 to prevent the total collapse of the Saigon regime US President Lyndon Johnson approved regular intensive bombing of North Vietnam and thedispatch of US combat troops into the South The US intervention cause sever problems for the Communists on the battlefieldand compelled them to send regular units of the North Vietnamese army into the South Itdid not persuade them to abandon the struggle however and in 1968 after the North sbloody Tet offensive shook the new Saigon regime President Nguyen Van Thieu to itsfoundations the Johnson administration decided to pursue a negotiated settlement HoChi Minh died in 1969 and was succeeded by another leader of the revolution Le DuanThe new US president Richard Nixon continued Johnson s policy while graduallywithdrawing US troops In January 1973 the war temporarily came to an end with thesigning of a peace agreement in Paris The settlement provided for the total removal ofremaining US troops while Hanoi tacitly agreed to accept the Thieu regime inpreparation for the new national elections The agreement soon fell apart however and inearly 1975 the Communists launched a military offensive In six weeks the resistance ofthe Thieu regime collapsed and on April 30 the Communists seized power in Saigon In 1976 the South was reunited with the North in a new Socialist Republic ofVietnam The conclusion of the war however did not end the violence Border tensionwith the Communist government in Cambodia escalated rapidly after the fall
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