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Nitroglycerin C3H5N3O9 Nitroglycerin is one of the most sensitive explosives ever to be commercially produced It is a very dense liquid and is sensitive to heat impact and many organic materials Although it is not water soluble it will dissolve in 4 parts of pure ethyl alcohol Heat of Combustion 1580 calg Products of Explosion Carbon Dioxide Water Nitrogen Oxygen Human Toxicity Highly toxic vasodilator avoid skin contact Although it is possible to make it safely it is difficult to do so in small quantities Many a young pyrotechnician has been killed or seriously injured while trying to make the stuff When Nobels factories make it many people were killed by the all-to-frequent factory explosions Usually as soon as nitroglycerin is made it is converted into a safer substance such as dynamite A person foolish enough to make nitroglycerine could use the following procedure EQUIPMENT distilled water eyedropper thermometer 1 100 ml beaker 20 g sodium bicarbonate glycerine 3 300 ml beakers 13 ml concentrated nitric acid blue litmus paper 39 ml concentrated sulfuric acid 2 ice baths 2 small non-metallic containers each filled halfway with crushed ice 6 tablespoons table salt The salt will lower the freezing point of the water increasing the cooling efficiency of the ice bath 1 Prepare the two ice baths While the ice baths are cooling pour 150 ml of distilled water into each of the beakers 2 Slowly add sodium bicarbonate to the second beaker stirring constantly Do not add too much sodium bicarbonate to the water If some remains undissolved pour the solution into a fresh beaker 3 Place the 100 ml beaker into the ice bath and pour the 13 ml of concentrated nitric acid into the 100 ml beaker Be sure that the beaker will not spill into the ice bath and that the ice bath will not overflow into the beaker when more materials are added to it Be sure to have a large
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