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Word Count: 744
Abortion is defined as the termination of pregnancy before the fetus is capable of independent life Abortions must be conducted before the end off six months or the fetus will leave the womb and it would be considered a premature birthThere are two types of abortions One is spontaneous and the other is induced If the fetus ways less than 18oz or is less than 20 weeks into the pregnancy it is usually considered an abortion Spontaneous abortions are known by another name miscarriages These usually occur during the first three months of pregnancy It is estimated that 25 of all pregnancies end in spontaneous abortionThe second form of abortion is induced abortion This is the deliberate termination of the fetus There are four main types of induced abortions The first takes place up to 12 weeks It is called vacuum aspiration This is where a tube attached to a vacuum is inserted into the uterus and sucks out the embryo and all other material The second type takes place after the 15th week and is called saline infusion Here the doctors replace a little fluid with a salt solution This causes the uterus to contract The fetus is then expelled The third type is a hysterotomy This is a similar procedure to a cesarean section The only difference is in this operation is that the cut is smaller and lower The fourth type is available in the first fifty days It is a drug called RU-486 It was developed in France and approved for sale there in 1988 Clinical trials in the United States began in 1994When performed under proper conditions the sooner the person has the baby the less risk she is at The likelihood of complications increase as the woman gets farther into the pregnancy Although an abortion has less of a risk of injury than does actually delivering the babyAbortion is one topic that has been heavily debated Many cases have
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