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Word Count: 616
1 a Bulk movement is the overall movement of a fluid The molecules all move in the same direction Diffusion however is the random movement of molecules which usually results in a fairly even distribution In other words the movement is not guaranteed to move in one direction but the probability that it will move in the lower gradient is greater Osmosis is similar to diffusion but is differentiated by the membranes behavior The cell membrane does allow water to move from higher to lower concentrations but does not allow solutes do that b Water potential is the capacity of water to move to a from a region where there is high water potential to low water potential This action happens without the affect of outside forces When outside actions due occur and they give water a high potential energy than the water will move to the region where less potential energy is Hydrostatic pressure is the pressure required to stop water the movement of water This is a method of measurement The osmotic potential is the measure of tendency of water to move through a membrane which contains a solution This occurs when a cell does not allow a hypertonic solution to leave the cell membrane The cell begins to increase with water but the cell membrane can not release the solution and thus the water potential within the cell increases This causes the water to no longer enter the cell c Hypotonic is less solute to a certain amount of water Hypertonic is more solute to a certain amount of water Isotonic is the equal amount of solutes in two different solutions d Endocytosis is the inward bulge causes by incoming molecules Exocytosis is the expelling of a material outside a cell e Phagocytosis is the process where the cell obtains solid matter This is different from the pinocytosis where the cell obtains liquid matter These both are endocytic processes
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