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Toltec CivilizationThe Priest stood atop the temple of the Sun looking down on his people gatheredfor this event With one swift movement he raised the sacrificial obsidian dagger andplunged it into the young mans chest tearing out his heart He then placed the heart onthe waiting chac-mool smiled and anounced the beginning of celebration The Toltecs were one of the first Nahuatl speaking cultures to colonize centralMexico It is unclear whether they came from the North or the South but popular theoryis that they came from the North Southern America The tribe first settled a smalldistance west of what is now Mexico City There they built the largest city ever inMexico even dwarfing todays Mexico City von Hagen Sun pp 20 29 The Toltecsruled over this town from 200 BC to 900 AD Sabloff p 112 Then something forcedthem to leave climate change foreigners a war nobody knows The Toltecs then migrated about 50 miles North There they settled and began tobuild the town called Tula Gruzinski p 14 They resided there until 1100 AD Sabloffp 112 In around 987 AD or so the Toltec priest- king Quezalcoatl who was actually agod There are also records of a man named Topiltzin who apparently followed the samecourse as Quetzalcoatl It was unclear who was who or if they were the same personwas forced to flee with a few of his followers Gruzinski p 14 He fled to the Yucatanpeninsula where the Mayas resided He then proceeded to build a gigantic city calledChichen Itza von Hagen Maya p 39 Here we switch to Mayan history which discusses the leadership of a man calledKukulcan which means feathered-serpent or Quetzalcoatl von Hagen Sun p 332He ruled over this culture for some time then he decided to leave Again there is noevidence saying why he left On the year 1-Reed a Toltec measure of time he set sailWest in the Atlantic ocean with the prophesy that he would return on
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