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Nicolas Poussin and Roman Influences in France The city and art of Rome had an enormous impact on the French Baroque Classical artist Nicolas Poussin and through him an effect on French art and artists in the following centuries Poussin was greatly influenced by the classical ideals of Italian art and flourished in the art-loving city of Rome that encouraged a young artist to explore his abilities Nicolas Poussin spent a most of his productive artistic career in Rome and over half of his life in the ancient city Though Poussin was a known practicing artist before he spent any time in Rome it has been said that his successful artistic career actually began with his arrival in the city While there he served many Roman patrons but was also increasingly sought after by French patrons Because of this he was able to influence the tastes of French patrons which in turn heavily impacted the future of French art itself Poussin subsequently influenced diverse French artists as Anthony Blunt states in Nicolas Poussin The A W Lectures in the Fine ArtsFor Ingres for instance Poussin was a model of classical composition surpassed only by Raphael and the Antique Degas saw in him purity of drawing breadth of modeling and grandeur of composition Czanne aimed at revivifying Poussins formal perfection by a renewed contact with nature and the early Cubists saw in him the near-abstract qualities which they themselves sought Blunt 1967Poussin also considerably affected the newly formed institutions of French art The accepted teachings at the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture which was founded in 1648 were based upon Poussins ideological values for art His philosophy about the great importance of drawing as the crucial intellectual core of painting was a precept at the Academy The new official stance on artistic value reflected Poussins own artistic values and his belief in the superiority of history painting Though in actuality many artist of the early
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