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Psychological Egoism Every person is oriented towards his or her own welfare and theobject of every one of his voluntary actions is some good to himselfJanan SavageEthics Psychological egoism is a reflex that every person has to orientthemselves toward their own welfare Through this it follows that every one of his orher voluntary actions is some good to himself If someone gives away the last piece ofbread to someone else it is because they want to look like a better person Due to thefact that they would give away the last piece of bread Human nature is completely and exclusively egoistic People areentirely selfish and devoid of any genuine feelings of sympathy benevolence orsociability They are always thinking of themselves in everything they do Each individual is preoccupied exclusively with the gratification ofpersonal desires felicity or happinessOnes success in maintaining a continuous flow ofgratification is the means of ones happiness The object of the voluntary acts of every man is some good to himselfWhenever man renounces his right it is either in consideration for some right reciprocallytransferred to himself or for some other good he hopes for from the outcome Thispresents us with the old saying Do unto others as you would want them to do untoyou Social organization originates out of self interest All society is forgain or for glory It is not like we think it isfor love of our fellows Instead itis for self preservation It is a sort of social contract In a state of nature we are atwar with each other and life is solitary poor nasty brutish and short In a naturalstate individuals are in equal powers Voluntary collective organization is the mosteffective way for individuals to utilize their powers Man should be allowed the right to use all means or actions to preservehimself For every man is desirous of what is good to him and shuns what is evil butchiefly the chiefest of natural evil which is
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