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Sigmund Freud author of Civilization and Its Discontents is widely regarded as the father and originator of modern psychology Through the formation of his now-famous four divisions of the human brainltthe ego the id the libido and the super-egoltFreud changed the way man views himself and his actions forever How then could such a great psychologist also write a work that questioned and explained western civilization Through his discovery or invention of those four divisions of the human brain Freud was able to better understand the formation and existence of western civilization as it is now Freud begins his work by explaining the formation of the ego that division of the psyche that is conscious most immediately controls thought and behavior and is most in touch with external reality By the time a human is adult the lines of demarcation between it and the rest of the world are strong and definiteltwith the exception of one case in which a person in love considers himself and the person with whom he is in love to be one These definite lines take time to develop however and Freud points out that an infant learns this slowly that there are outside factors over which he has no control while there are immediate responsesltfrom limbs and organs of the infant himselfltfrom which impulses are constantly being retrieved and reported So while at first the infant ego includes everything around him it slowly learns to be more exclusive and demarcate between himself and objects around him This exclusivity continues as the infant develops until the strong definite lines between the ego and everything else that adults have exist Interestingly Freud also believes that forgetting something does not automatically mean the destruction of that within one mind Instead he compares the phenomenon to that of an archeological dig if one regresses long enough everything can eventually be seen Just as an archaeologist simply needs to know where to look and
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