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Word Count: 966
Fluorine Fluorine is in many of the items we use everyday such as water toothpaste and air conditioners The name fluorine came from the Latin word fluo which means flowing Fluorine is the 13th or 14th most abundant element on earth It is classified as a halogen on the periodic chart of elements it has the chemical symbol of F Its a greenish-yellow gas found in the mineral fluorite and the gas reacts with almost all organic and non-organic objects on earth this classifies it as the most reactive non-metallic element on earth Fluorine is the most powerful oxidizer known on earth and at the same atmospheric temperature is about 13 times as heavy as air Fluorine has nine protons and ten neutrons in the nucleus and nine electrons dispersed in two electron clouds On the periodic table its atomic number is nine It is located in the second row in the 17th group the halogen family The word halogen means salt former and so consequently all compounds containing halogens are considered salts Halogens at room temperature appear in three states of matter Iodine and astatine appear as solids fluorine and chlorine appear as gases and bromine appears as a liquid All of the halogens have 7 electrons in there outer shell giving them an oxidation number of negative one Fluorine has a very pungent odor It may explode on contact with water and may release toxic corrosive explosive andor flammable gases Fluorine can also react when exposed to heat It is harmful and may if inhaled it is potentially fatal This strong oxidizer element can cause skin irritation eye irritation that is potentially severe and potentially severe respiratory irritation Inhaling fluorine even for a short time can cause chest pain It can cause kidney and liver damage severe if exposed for long enough Fluorine when inhaled can cause death and can even color your skin blue Exposed for extended periods
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