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The History of Apartheid in South Africa Strategists in the National Party invented apartheid as a means to cement their control over the economic and social system Initially aim of the apartheid was to maintain white domination while extending racial separation Starting in the 60s a plan of Grand Apartheid was executed emphasizing territorial separation and police repression With the enactment of apartheid laws in 1948 racial discrimination was institutionalized Race laws touched every aspect of social life including a prohibition of marriage between non-whites and whites and the sanctioning of white-only jobs In 1950 the Population Registration Act required that all South Africans be racially classified into one of three categories white black African or colored of mixed decent The coloured category included major subgroups of Indians and Asians Classification into these categories was based on appearance social acceptance and descent For example a white person was defined as in appearance obviously a white person or generally accepted as a white person A person could not be considered white if one of his or her parents were non-white The determination that a person was obviously white would take into account his habits education and speech and deportment and demeanor A black person would be of or accepted as a member of an African tribe or race and a colored person is one that is not black or white The Department of Home Affairs a government bureau was responsible for the classification of the citizenry Non-compliance with the race laws were dealt with harshly All blacks were required to carry pass books containing fingerprints photo and information on access to non-black areas The apartheid In 1951 the Bantu Authorities Act established a basis for ethnic government in African reserves known as homelands These homelands
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