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Word Count: 691
The term Southernization best describes the overall synopsis ofwhat the Stearns textbook is trying to say happened in China during thepost-classical time period While the Stearns textbook underscores eachcivilization as its own and offers little insight to the intricate webexisting between countries the Southernization article by Linda Shafferputs history in a different perspective to reveal that the advancedcivilizations of the post-classical period heavily depended on eachother for success However both documents agree that China made thelargest steps during the process of Southernization and India plantedthe seeds for the rest of the globe to follow By juxtaposing bothpieces we can see not only the Indian origins but the Chinese andArabian manifestations in the trade mathematical agricultural andtechnological developments that followedIn chapter 12 China is said to have as much as a quarter ofhumanity living within its boundaries Source 2 To support thisgrowing population China had turned to a better rice crop called ChampaRice imported to China from India source 1 The Stearns chapter inthis case overlooks Champa rices Indian origin and states passivelythat it was imported to China from Vietnam Champa Rice had its originsin India as modern DNA tests prove and was imported from Eastern Indiainto southern China during a crop shortage This illuminates the Stearnstextbooks position on civilizations developing independently incontrast to Lynda Shaffers view of interdependent societies Inaccordance with Jared Diamonds theory this led to huge technologicaland mathematical developmentsBoth sources agree that advanced mathematics developed in places farfrom India including Arabia China and even in Western Europe This isbecause Indian mathematicians followed the same routes as the cropsThe Stearns textbook states that even though China did not directlyadopt it at first she still reaped the benefits The reason the Stearnstextbook would not have emphasized the communication of ideas with othersocieties is because it has the view of China developing in solidaritywhile Lynda Shaffers Southernization thesis depends on thecommunication between countries Shaffer pushes this point further withAnd soon because of Chinese items such as
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