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The Hundred Years War The Hundred Years War is the common name given to a series of conflicts between the two great European nations of the time France and England The conflicts which were broken up periodically by numerous truces and treaties lasted from 1337 till 1453 The conflict stemmed from the fact that successive English kings controlled large areas in France called fiefs To make matters worse in 1308 Englands Prince Edward II married the daughter of King Phillip IV of France The war consisted of three major conflicts The Edwardian War 1340-1360 The Caroline War 1369-1389 and the Lancastrian War 1415-1435 In the fourteenth century the upper-middle class English had taken up the idea of drinking wine instead of beer Both wine and beer were considered sources of nutrition They both contained vitamins and yeast complexes that many people of the medieval era lacked in their diets The problem was that grapes didnt grow in the English climate They grew quite well however in the fields of Southern France During the 1200s the English set up a triangular trade route between England Southern France and a city called Flanders Flanders was an important industrial center due to its production of cloth It couldnt produce enough wool to meet its demand so it imported fleece from England In trade the English would take fine clothes from Flanders to Southern France to exchange for the wine in which English nobility demanded The English monarchy controlled most of the areas in Southern France and had much influence in Flanders to the North due to this triangular trade Because of this kings of France always had to fear an invasion by English forces A second contributing factor to the impending conflicts was the marriage of Edward II and Isabella French King Phillip IVs daughter Their son Edward III had claim to the French throne through his mother when Phillip IVs last son Charles IV died in
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