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Governmental Techniques in the Ancient World Throughout history many techniques have been used for organizing society Experimentation with different styles primarily took place in the ancient Mediterranean world Athenian democracy Hebrew temple state Hellenic city-states Hellenistic kingdoms the Roman Republic and the Christian Roman Empire were all major forms of governance each with their own strengths and weaknesses To determine which of these forms was successful it is impotent to look at each forms chronological development Hebrew State Origin The Hebrew State began as a loose confederation of twelve tribes A tribes elders ruled it and while there was intermarriage between tribes there was no real political connection They shared common religion language and culture however they did not owe allegiance to one ruler The roots of the Hebrew tribes lay in myth Jacob a patriarch of Judaism is said to have had twelve sons each of whom begot a tribe of people Taking into account the legendary characteristics of each son each tribe had specific traits For example the tribe of Levy were the priests of the Jews They owned no land and survived on the tithes of the people The tribe of Dan were a seafaring people their ancestral land lay on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea These twelve groups of people were by no means one nation they raided each other occasionally and there were often disputes as to boundaries and land rights In the eleventh century BCE an outside threat eminent invasion by the Philistines drove the Hebrews to formalize their tribal ties under one leader Saul With the defeat of the Philistines Saul managed to keep control over the tribes unifying them for his successor the warrior-poet David Saul and David had forged the beginnings of a kingdom that would see its true glory in the tenth century BCE under Davids son Solomon Under Solomon the Temple State truly emerged Until now there were two main reasons
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